Uranus is at opposition tonight.
The more exact time when it is opposite to the Sun is Oct. 12, 4 hours Universal Time, which be eastern American clocks is Oct. 12 0 (midnight), which is three and a half hours after the moment of the picture.
So if you were to wait on that long, you would see Uranus enter the shadow of the Earth (which, before I deleted it, my picture showed).
No, you would not, because Uranus at present lies about a degree south of the ecliptic, and because anyway Earth’s shadow is imperceptible at Uranus’s distance.
Uranus, shining at magnitude 6, is the planet which is just barely discernible to the naked eye if you know to look for it, and which therefore, though seen a few times and plotted on star maps as a star, was not discovered till 1781. It is dimmer than many stars not shown in the picture, so to search for it by telescope you need a more detailed map like this, slightly simplified from Astronomical Calendar 2015.