North of Greenville toward the Blue Ridge is Traveler's Rest, and
a mile north of that is the Renfrew mill village where we were living.
Only some of the houses still housed mill workers; formerly the
company had owned them all, houses and people, marrying them, selling
them supplies in the company store, giving them one week off (the
week of July 4), and expecting to see them on the baseball field
and in the church. Mill in South Carolina meant a cotton
factory. Textile was still the regional industry, though the boll
weevil had wiped out the actual growing of cotton forty years ago.
The company was Abney Mills, the most archaic. Its other mills around
the upper state were for weaving the cloth; this one, Renfrew Bleachery,
was for the bleaching, dyeing, and finishing. The mill and especially
its chimney overlooked us, belching smoke, and bellowing a siren
three times a day for the start of shifts. I wondered what life
was like inside, and went to work there. I was a few weeks on the
afternoon shift, then the shift that started around midnight and
ended around dawn. The minimum wage was a dollar ninety-nine an
hour. I was in the smallest of the three departments, the dyehouse,
very much a junior under kindly old foreman Doug and terse mighty-armed
Allyn. We stood around until a work order was brought to us, and
then Allyn said Get yer gleuves, and we drew on our
rubber gloves and fetched hefty barrels of chemicals and tipped
them into the vats for mixing to the quantities of dye that were
to be piped to the machinery. There were no safety regulations.
Lethal chamicals sloshed everywhere. I built (at home) an oil painting
of the luridly colorful floor, with my feet on it in sandals.
After a while they did make me wear rubber boots. The scenes among
the machinery, the rivers of cloth flowing over rollers and through
tanks and being snatched away in clouds overhead I made pencil
sketches on the backs of work-order sheets. Eventually I couldn't
conceal all of these; and the men got me to draw portraits of themselves
to take home to their wives. There was so much to observe that I
had to build a string of mnemonics in my head till it was almost
too long to remember, then dodge to some spot where I could jot
it, also on a worksheet, and scrunch it into my pocket, and start
again. Inevitably this too became known or sensed, and I found myself
politely summoned into one of the distant offices where the managerial
classes worked. Was I an industrial spy? On Abney Mills?