A lesser Thebes or Thebe (Thębai, or more often in the
singular form Thębę) was in Asia. It lay in the plain at
the head of the gulf of Adramyttium, the inlet that forms the southern
bound to the Troad, or region dominated by Troy. It was presumably
smaller than great Thebes in Greece, but was the chief place of
its district. The people living along this coast at the time of
the Greek war against Troy were called Cilicians (Kilikes).
They were allies of Troy, and Andromache princess of Thebe was married
to Hector prince of Troy. Just before the action of the Iliad
opens, Achilles has led a destructive raid against Troy's allies,
sacking the Cilician towns, killing Andromache's parents and brothers,
and carrying off captives, among them the two women, Chryseis and
Briseis, who become the cause of the quarrel between Achilles and
his commander-in-chief Agamemnon.
Not much more is
known of this Thebes, and I don't really know how many gates it
had I merely imagine one west toward the coast along the gulf,
one to the south, one inland, and one toward the forested slopes
on the north. The nearest peak was called Placus, and so this Thebes
was known as Hypoplacian Thebes, under Placus. But Placus
was a mere foothill of the great range whose snowy summit was Mount
And in later historical
times the name Cilicia applied to a far other region,
the southeastern coast of Anatolia (where Turkey and Syria now meet).
It seems that the Cilicians, like so many people involved in the
catastrophe of Troy, wandered away and found a new home elsewhere.